The duties of a manager are difficult and manifold and, for the successful discharge of his duties, he must be a man of good natural ability and general education, a man of intelligence and initiative. In addition to this, he must also have a sound knowledge of the technical details of the business he has to manage and the market condition relevant to it. He must have undergone a period of practical training for the purpose. As one economist puts it, "Successful management consist of synthesizing experience with youth." Both are required for successful management. Management also achieves his harmonization of the technologist and the professional with generalist; of the theoretician with the pragmatist, of the sociologist and psychologist with the professional and, above all, of the economist with the management.
An ideal manager must be capable of innovation, of thinking along new lines as well as of adapting the technical knowledge and skill acquired in other countries to the circumstances and atmosphere which he finds prevailing in his own country. He must have qualities of leadership, so that he may inspire the workers with enthusiasm for their work, and get their co-operation and goodwill. He must also have a sound store of legal knowledge for labor laws daily growth more and more complex and failure to interpret them correctly may entail much loss of prestige.
Leadership is a quality hidden in the personality of a human being. Human personality is very complex and it is very difficult to grade individuals according to one’s personality. Leadership, on the other hand, depends on the organic structure of the personality which includes experience, skill, responsibility, intelligence, power of organizing people and social interaction. Leadership is an indispensable activity, which every leader has tap perform for directing the people, working under him.
Some people have a misconception that only those people who are physically strong can become good leaders,...