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Four Functions Essay

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Below is an essay on "Four Functions" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

According to George and Jones (2011), “The job of management is to help an organization make the best use of its resources to achieve its goals” (p. 13).   The goal being to create and market a good or service that customers want and at a competitive advantage.   In order to do this management at all levels within an organization must perform and make decisions in “four essential managerial tasks: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling” (George and Jones, 2011, p. 13).   Planning in the higher levels of management involves deciding what goals to achieve how to achieve them.   Many organizations may communicate this as their mission statement, a guide to the long-term, strategic goals.   Subordinate managers can, in turn, take the goals laid out by upper management and develop tactical plans and courses of action to achieve the organization’s goals.   In the organizing function, managers must determine the best way to allocate their resources to enact their plan.   This can be done by assigning tasks and granting authority.   The most important part of the organizing function is to, “coordinate and motivate members so that they work together to achieve organizational goals” (George and Jones, 2011, p. 15).
Leading is a job most necessary for low level managers to fulfill.   They are concerned with the day-to-day operations, and as such interact with the most non-managerial employees.   These managers must ensure their subordinates, “understands the part he or she plays in achieving organizational goals” George and Jones, 2011, p. 16).   They can achieve this by developing a vision statement, a refinement of the mission statement, which allows employees to see their specific impact on the organizational goals.   Controlling is necessary and difficult at all phases of management because it may mean admitting something is wrong in the present strategy and processes of the organization.   Managers must “evaluate how well an organization has achieved its goals and to take...

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