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Excretory Disorders Essay

  • Submitted by: anonymous
  • on March 25, 2014
  • Category: English
  • Length: 321 words

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Below is an essay on "Excretory Disorders" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

F. Excretory Disorders

1.Kidney stones

Definition- a hard mass formed in the kidneys, typically consisting of insoluble calcium compounds; a renal calculus.

Symptoms-   pain while urinating, pain in the back or lower abdomen, nausea and vomiting

Treatments- drinking plenty of fluids, Extracorporeal lithotripsy- shock waves are applied externally break kidney stones into smaller fragments so they can be urinated out of the body, Percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy- tube-like instrument is passed through a small incision in the back to the kidney and the ultrasound breaks up the kidney stones.

Causes-   not drinking enough water

2.Kidney failure

Definition- inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance

Symptoms- nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, chest pain, shortness of breath, high blood pressure

Treatments- dialysis, kidney transplant

Causes-   type 2 diabetes, smoking

3.Nephrotic Syndrome

Definition-   kidney disease

Symptoms-   swelling in the face, foamy urine

Treatments- medication and changes in diet

Causes-   different disorders that damage the kidneys

4. Dialysis

Definition-   the separation of particles in a liquid on the basis of differences in their ability to pass through a membrane. Used for kidney failure.

5. Gout

Definition-   a type of arthritis that occurs when uric acid builds up in blood and causes inflammation in the joints.

Symptoms- Warmth, pain, swelling, and extreme tenderness in a joint, usually in the big
toe

Treatments- medicine

Causes-   eating too many foods high in purines

6. Uric Acid

Definition-   an almost insoluble compound that is a breakdown product of nitrogenous metabolism. It is the main excretory product in birds, reptiles, and insects.

Symptoms- gout, kidney stones, kidney failure

Treatments- change in diet, medicine

Causes- medical conditions, diet

7. Cirrhosis

Definition- a chronic disease of the liver...

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