Greek Mathematician: Euclid
Euclid , also known as Euclid of Alexandria, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "Father of Geometry". He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I (323â€“283 BC). His Elements is one of the most influential works in the history of mathematics, serving as the main textbook for teaching mathematics (especially geometry) from the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century. In the Elements, Euclid deduced the principles of what is now called Euclidean geometry from a small set of axioms. Euclid also wrote works on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory and rigor. His enigmatic knowledge shown upon the world in the mid 4th century. With great contribution towards the field of elemental mathematics he gave an end the shackles of his life in the mid 3rd century.
Very few original references to Euclid survive, so little is known about his life
Euclid belonged to Plato's "persuasion" and brought together the Elements, drawing on prior work by several pupils of Plato (particularly Eudoxus of Cnidus, Theaetetus and Philip of Opus.).He must have lived during the time of Ptolemy I because he was mentioned by Archimedes (287-212 BC). Although the purported citation of Euclid by Archimedes has been judged to be an interpolation by later editors of his works, it is still believed that Euclid wrote his works before those of Archimedes.Partly due to the lack of biographical information that is somewhat atypical for the period (extensive biographies are available for most significant Greek mathematicians for several centuries before and after Euclid), it has been proposed that Euclid was not, in fact, a historical character, and his works were written by a team of mathematicians (not unlike Bourbaki) who took the name Euclid from the historical character Euclid of Megara. However, this hypothesis is not well accepted by scholars and there is little evidence in its...