Human Relations Class
April, 10, 2013
1. Explain how and why individuals differ, and how these differences affect human interaction.
Individual differences is one of the major factors influencing behaviour in the workplace. Knowing how to react to differences that people may have will help you build effective relasionships with others. Personality has the greatest impact on individual differences. In this chapter we covered the eight major personality factors, these include, extraversion, emotional stability, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness to experience, self-monitoring of behavior, optimism,risk-taking and thrill-seeking. Knowing these personality factors is a way of having success, and they will also affect interpersonal relations.
Personality also plays a great part in a person cognitive style, or used to perceive and make judgements from information. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) the four psychological functioning dementions: introverted vs. extroverted; thinking vs. feeling; sensing vs. intuiting; and judging vs. perceiving. Adding all four types with each other has an outcome of sixteen personality types; such as a person being a traditionalist, visionary, or an organizer.
Mental stability and inteligence are one of the important factors of individual differences in job performance and behaviour in the workplace. Understanding the roots of inteligence will play a part in affective interpersonal relationships in any type of group. For example knowing that there are different types of intelligence will help people appreciate the strengths of others. There are many parts to intelligence. The traditional outlook of intelligence includes general and specific factors that help problem solving abilities. A related outlook is that intelligence involves seven components: verbal comprehension, word fluency, numerical accurity, special perception, memory, perceptual speed, and inductive...