Ethics and Moral Development
American philosopher John Rawls and European philosopher Viktor Frankl are highly regarded for their philosophical intellect. While Rawls work focused on the theory of justice, Frankl’s work were in the direction of finding meaning in life. Although their works took to varying directions, a distinct correlation can be found in their work as it pertains to ethics and moral development. Rawls, in his works speaks of the four roles of political philosophy, which include:
1) Practical – The discovery of basis for reasoned argument.
2) Orientation – To help people orient themselves within their social existences.
3) Political Possibility – Workable arrangements where support can be gained from real people.
4) Reconciliation – Calming rage and frustration.
These four roles of political philosophy neatly encompass our position in society and the available choices we have when it comes to ethical choices. Additionally, Rawls offers insight into equality, liberty, and the way to reach international tolerance, (Wenar, 2013). Given we live in a free society, there will be disparate worldviews. Citizens will have opinions on religious belief, will hold personal conceptions of right and wrong, will value differing pursuits, and will hold differences on interpersonal relations. Although such differences exist Rawls suggests, “citizens want to live in a society in which they can cooperate with their fellow citizens on terms that are acceptable to all”, (Wenar, 2013, p. 7).
To accomplish a society of reasonable citizens, it is necessary to understand diversity and varying worldviews and accept varying explanations. Doing so requires the skill of relying on life’s experiences, class, and upbringing. When individuals have a solid foundation of ethics and moral development as a society we are not irredeemably dogmatic, self-centered, or in a perpetual desire of power, rather we have the capacity for mutual respect,...