Employment Laws Chart
Complete the chart below using information from the weekly readings and additional research if necessary.
Employment Law | Description and Requirement of Law | Court Case Influential to Establishment of Law | Importance of Law | Workplace Application |
Civil Rights Act of 1964 | Prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. | Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States (1964) | Recognized that “separate is not equal” | Employers are prohibited from retaliation against those who exercise this right. |
Equal Employment Opportunity Act | Prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national. | Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States (1964) | Recognized that “separate is not equal”. | Employers are prohibited from retaliation against those who exercise this right. |
Equal Pay Act | This prevents men and women from being paid different wages who perform equal work in the same workplace. | Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Co. (1970) | Both men and women are paid the same for the same work. | Women get the same pay as men for the same work, also the same chances for raises/promotions. |
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 | This law protects people who are 40 or older from discrimination because of age. | Western Air Lines v. Criswell | The recognition that the elderly are still productive. | The elderly will not be excluded or removed because of age; the decision will be based on work performance. |
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 | This law makes it illegal to discriminate against a qualified person with a disability in any sector of local and state governments or private sectors | Brandon v. Abbott, 524 U.S. 624 (1998 | Disabilities do not equal incapability of working. | No with visible or unseen disabilities will be excluded from work. |
Civil Rights Act of 1991 | This act was instituted as an amendment to the Civil Rights Act of 1964....