February 22, 2012
Differences in College Student Typical Drinking and Celebration Drinking
In the article Differences in College Student Typical Drinking and Celebration Drinking, Catherine Dane Woodyard,MS and Jeffrey S. Hallam, PhD do not efficiently prove their point. The purpose of the study was to determine whether students consume alcohol in greater quantities when drinking in celebration of an event or holiday versus typical drinking use. The study concluded that typical weekend drinking episodes were greater than celebratory drinking. There are various reasons for why this study is not fully credible.
First of all, this sample is very narrow and it is not very random. The survey included participants from the ages of 18-24 years of age attending college full time in the Southeastern United States during the fall 2007 and spring 2008 semesters. The targeted number of people for the questionnaire was originally 800 people but only 287 responses were collected, which is only a 36% response rate. The study is even narrower than this because 214 out of the 287 responses were actually used, since 73 questionnaires were removed because the participants did not meet the requirements for this particular survey. For a study that is trying to prove a point for all college students, 214 people are simply not a big enough sample. Also, this survey claims to be “stratified by class rank and sex”, yet it also states that “The resulting sample was 58% female, predominantly Caucasian, and provided an equal distribution of respondents who report living on campus (50.47%), as well as off campus (49.53%).” Therefore although this sample claims to be random, it clearly is not. Since Caucasian females provide for half of the survey it cannot be considered as a correct representation of all college students. We also have to consider where these students live. The behaviors of students in the Southeastern United States may be completely different from other places in the...