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Disorders and Components Essay

  • Submitted by: DBratt251
  • on August 31, 2013
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 1,246 words

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Below is an essay on "Disorders and Components" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Disorders and Components
Denise Bratt
Abnormal Psychology 410
October 1, 2012
Dr. Melda Jones

Disorders and Components
Anxiety, mood, and dissociative and somatoform disorders have at least one thing in common; they take from individuals the capacity for normal social engagement and expected daily functioning.   Their biological, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive components vary, although each has symptoms and parts that overlap with the next.   Abnormal psychology aims to identify all of these components in a continued effort toward better and more accurate therapeutic applications (Stone, 2011). 
Anxiety Disorder Components
Biological
The experience of anxiety involves important physiological reactions.   The human body has an extensive set of adaptive reactions to danger situations. So, it makes sense that the biological perspective has much to contribute to the explanation and treatment of anxiety disorders (Hansell & Damour, 2008).   There also can be a predisposition due to genetics or a chemical imbalance.
Emotional
The emotional components of anxiety disorders include underlying concerns or experiences that have not been openly addressed.   Contemporary psychologists believe there may be unusual levels of pin and sadness as a result from early relationships with parents.   When anxiety begins later in life, it may be the result of a combination of factors, including sadness or disappointment in oneself.   Most psychologists consider underlying conditions as a prelude to anxiety disorders (Hansell & Damour, 2008).  
Cognitive
People with anxiety disorders tend to misinterpret events in three important ways: they fixate on perceived dangers and threats, they overestimate the severity of the perceived danger or threat, and they drastically underestimate their ability to cope with the dangers and threats they perceive (Wells, 1997).
Behavioral
According to classical conditioning theory, an irrational fear (a phobia) can be created...

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