Type 1 Diabetes (IDDM)
People who have diabetes fall into one of two categories, referred to as Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM accounts for approximetly 10% of diabetes cases. In Type 1 the body does not produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed during childhood or young adulthood which is why it is referred to as juevenille diabetes. This disease has a sudden onset with symptoms such as polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, weight loss and fatigue. Type 1 diabetes tends to be unstable and is very sensitive to exogenous insulin and physical activity.
Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes
A regimen of insulin injections, diet, exercise and monitoring of blood glucose levels. The diabetic must learn to balance insulin, food, and exercise.
Type 2 Diabetes
Approximately 85% to 90% of all diabetics have Type 2 diabetes, or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, (NIDDM). Type 2 diabetics are usually over 40 and usually overweight. Type 2 diabetes often goes undetected for long periods of time, since symptoms are usually not pronounced. Insulin is produced, but it is not enough, or it does not work properly to transport glucose through the receptor cells. Type 2 diabetics can often be controlled with a carefully planned diet, an exercise program, oral medication, or insulin, used as necessary.
Uncontrolled Type 2 diabetes results in hyperglycemia. Since symptoms have an insidious onset, the patient may not recognize that there is any difficulty. Some of the following symptoms that may be experienced include: polydipsia, polyuria, increased fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing cuts or sores, dry, itchy skin, numbness and tingling feet.
Left uncontrolled for a long period of time, Type 2 diabetics develop more serious symptoms such as severe hyperglycemia, dehydration, confusion, and shock.