1) Explain what is meant by the term ‘Dementia’:
The ‘Term Dementia’ is generally used to describe a number of symptoms of various illnesses that affect the brain. These can be anything from Memory Loss, Personality changes, Confusion, Trying to do daily activities like washing, dressing, cooking and caring for themselves and maybe other family members. They could also have problems reasoning and communicating with others and they can also become very withdrawn. The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer`s disease, there are also other causes such as Parkinson`s disease or Huntington`s disease. Medication can help with some symptoms of dementia, but there is no cure as yet. Dementia can affect both older and younger people and as the dementia worsens the decline in the person will get worse as more brain cells are damaged or die.
2) Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia:
Area of the brain and key functions affected by dementia | Damage to the affected part of the brain could lead to |
Frontal Lobe:This affects the behaviour, personality, feeling, interpretation and movement | Struggle to do a sequence of movements. Difficult to interact with others. Mood changes. Changes in personality and social behaviour. |
Parietal Lobe:This affects the language, spacial awareness and recognition | Problems with reading, writing and drawing. Also doing mathematics and distinguishing between Left and Right. Difficulty in naming an object. Struggle with hand and eye co-ordination. Inability to focus on one thing/object at a time. |
Temporal Lobe:This affects the Memory, Speech and Hearing | Difficulty in recognising familiar faces, understanding spoken words. Short term memory loss, interference with long term memory. Aggressive behaviour. Right lobe damage can cause persistent talking. |
Occipital Lobe:This affects the vision | Defects in vision, trouble locating objects. Difficulty in identifying colours. Trouble...