Segregation has been present in the United States since the early 1600s. It was not until about fifty years ago that Black Americans were granted full and equal rights. During the period of 1877-1915, Booker T. Washington and W.E.B Du Bois took antithesis views on segregation; the former being pacifying and conscious, and the latter immediate and radical.
Booker T. Washington’s approach was appropriate for the time because he advocated for African American’s rights right after the Civil War while there was an infinite amount of hard feelings towards former slaves.
W.E.B Du Bois’ approach was too extreme for his time. When he advocated for the rights of African American’s it was about twenty years after the Civil War. Even twenty years later there were still great amounts of ill will towards former slaves. Du Bois tried to force his ideas on whites too much too fast. He wanted instant gratification while Washington settled for the long term.
As shown by Document A, the school enrollment by race was much lower for blacks in the period before Washington had a great impact on the educational system. Beginning around 1905, there was a slight decline, around in attendance for black children until about 1910 for unknown reasons. It could have been because of migration or a war. The number of African Americans being educated kept going up slowly even though Washington dies This was how Washington wanted former slaves to be incorporated into American society.
Document B deals with literacy of African Americans showing the slow integration of African Americans into American society. Most slaves were forbidden from learning to read before the Civil War. This would prevent them from being able to communicate to other slaves or collaborate with white Northerns. Also it would prevent slaves from reading anything that might be happening in the North. The graph in Document B has a time span of only twenty years but it shows the slowly decreasing of...