A. Refers to raw facts.
B. Raw indicates that the facts are not yet been processed to reveal their meaning.
C. There are 2 kinds of data in DBMS:
1. Structured: text, numbers and dates
2. Unstructured: images, videos and documents
* Is the result of processing raw data to reveal its meaning.
* To reveal the meaning, information requires context.
* Information can be used as the foundation for decision making.
* The key to a good decision making is its accuracy, relevance and timely information.
3. Data Management
* Is a discipline that focuses on the proper generation, storage, and retrieval of data.
* Efficient data management typically requires the use of a computer database.
* Is a shared integrated computer structure that stores a collection of
a. End-user data that is, raw facts of interest to the end user.
b. Metadata, or data about data, through which the end-user data are integrated and managed.
* Is a method of storing data on auxiliary storage so as to minimize the disadvantages that would be present if using data files tied directly to particular programs.
* Provides a description of the data characteristics and the set of relationships that link the data found within the database.
* Metadata present a more complete picture of the data in the database.
6. Database Management System
* Is a collection of programs that manages the database structure and controls access to the data stored in the database.
* A character or group of characters (alphabetic or numeric) that has a specific meaning.
* A field is used to define and store data.
* A logically connected set of one or more fields that describes a person, place or thing.
* A collection of related records.
ADVANTAGES OF THE DBMS