Unit 3 AO4 Carl Rogers
Carl Rogers was an influential American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach to psychology and he was widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy research and was honoured for his pioneering research with the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions by the American Psychological Association in 1956. Carl Rogers' theory of the self is considered to be humanistic and phenomenological as his theory is based directly on the phenomenal field. Other parts of his theory are the self concept, self actualisation, unconditional positive regard and then there is his person centred approached principles for counselling.
The phenomenal world
This is a part of Carl Rogers’s theory and in this theory he says that when we are babies and we first enter the world we have no self concept and no self e.g. we do not care about what we wear or look like. But all we have is the sensory impressions, biological processes and motor activities meaning actions of a baby and Rogers says that ‘every individual exists in a continually changing world of experience of which he is the centre’ which is a quote in McConnell and Philipchalk. This just means that in a forever changing world babies will always stay the same and won’t care for the changes that are happening in the world as they will stay pure until they understand what happens in the world. But as we grow, we learn to differentiate our self from the other parts of the phenomenal world and eventually come to see ourselves as an independent self. Carl Rogers’s view of this theory is that people came to him for counselling because as a result of experiences as they had grown up they had become someone they weren’t and they would be suffering from anxiety, stress and low self esteem as a result. With this theory Carl Rogers is basically saying that when we are babies we do not care for such things like how we look or how other people see us and how we...