Critical Analysis of a Letter from Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King
The letter from Birmingham jail was written by Martin Luther king junior when he was confined in jail. King wrote this letter as a reaction to the allegations from eight clergymen who had openly criticized his campaign in their message that was titled “a call for unity.” The clergymen main issue was that the fight for the issues of alienation by King ought not to have been done in the streets but rather in the courts. In this letter, king responds to them from a remorse perspective so as to gain their support in united against racial discrimination that was being witnessed everywhere. The major theme of this letter is justification for the efforts of liberations and a call for unity in combating human injustices.
Throughout this writing, king tells his story from an abstract point then to a concrete aim as the letter progresses. He does this in the first person perspective. In the beginning of his work, he explains why he is in Birmingham by claiming in the first paragraph that he is there for a mission. Then he goes ahead to say in the second paragraph that he is there because of unjust practices but does not state exactly. As the letter progresses, king becomes very clear of his mission of liberation. In the fifth paragraph and thereafter, he sets the scene of Birmingham and how unjust the authority has been to the black race. Finally, king delivers his concrete point and probably his main intention in the closing stages of his letter by calling for unity against human injustices. King understands that this can only be done through unity and thus he asks for forgiveness from his accusers once again.
In this letter, king really wanted to convince his accusers of his justification in staging anti racism demonstration. Thus, he has employed several persuasive components which are characteristics of the traditional rhetoric strategies of persuading...