Diabetes is a difficult disease to manage especially when the patient is newly diagnosed. It is scary and stressful to comprehend all of the needed life style changes that one has to make all at once. This disease requires the newly diagnosed patient to learn how to monitor blood glucose, take medication, exercise regularly, and adjust their eating habits. The diabetic may not want to make any changes, or may not simply know where to start. This is where the diabetic education should begin.
In the case of Mr. D, his current level of knowledge related to diabetes, and how he feels about his diagnosis should be assessed. Assessing Mr. D will help the educator determine how much teaching is actually required, and what method of teaching is best for his learning needs. Mr. D. should be taught the disease process, signs and symptoms, and treatment recommendations for diabetes. (Drake, Heitkemper, and Lewis, 2004). Also, it is a good idea for Mr. D to wear a diabetic alert tag in case of emergencies, and to “carry some type of carbohydrate treat with him at all times to be consumed when during hypoglycemic periods.” (Neighbors & Tannheill-Jones, 2006). Examples of these snacks would be whole wheat crackers, vegetables, and some fruit.
After providing Mr. D with diabetes literature, videos, and discussing topics about the complicated disease there are two learning objectives that this patient should be able to demonstrate. Mr. D will be able to describe the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia. He will do this by listing them and keeping them in his wallet, until they are memorized. Also, Mr. D will verbalize life style changes that he has to make due to his diagnosis of having diabetes. He will be able to state the changes in food choices, the need for exercise, and the importance of taking prescribed diabetic medication.
Diabetes has no cure, but educating the patient on the how to manage the disease, and maintain their health is the only way to prevent...