Controlling Organized Crime
Organized crime is a problem that plagues not only the United States but the world as a whole. It is such a huge problem that it is perhaps the most complex and time-consuming type of crime that a law enforcement agency will likely encounter. This and the fact that organized crime can have a negative impact on the well-being of the general populace is the reason why there have been many agencies created to control this problem. However, to control organized crime you must first have an understanding of what it is.
Because of its complexity organized crime is defined differently by different agencies. For example, the Federal Bureau of Investigation defines it as a “continuing criminal conspiracy with an organized structure that it is successful because of its use of fear, corruption, and violence.” (Stephen Mallory, Understanding Organized Crime) The legal community goes further by defining organized crime as the “unlawful activities of members of a highly organized, disciplined association engaged in supplying illegal goods and services including, but not limited to , gambling, prostitution, loan-sharking, narcotics, labor racketeering and other activities of members of organizations.”(Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Street Act, 1968) Clearly there is much debate over what organized crime is. In the United States the “mafia” is the most recognized form of organized crime. However, there are many other forms as well including: urban street gangs, motorcycle gangs, Russian Mafia, Japanese Yakuza, Chinese Mafia, Columbia cartels, Mexican Mafia, and many others. In 2002 The United nations released research that delineated five types of criminal organization: Standard hierarchy, Regional hierarchy, Clustered hierarchy, core group, and Criminal network. The standard hierarchy consisted of organizations with a clear command structure and defined roles of its members. The members of these organizations...