Consequentialism is a theory related to judging what is right and wrong by considering its issue. It only does not pay attention on the issue but the consequences of that issue; it attempt to find out what was the reason and circumstances that make the person to behave in unethical manner. For example a widow steals food from grocery store to feed her children who were in a shortage of food. According to deontological ethics it is in opposition to law so, it is unethical and the person should be penalized. But the consequentialism focus at the issues of the process of doing and then come to a conclusion whether it is wrong or right, in this case according to consequentialism it is ethical because she is trying to supply with nourishment and provide food. In the other way if she steals and takes it for her then it would have been unethical and in this case she should be penalized.
Utilitarianism is one part of ethics which state that the performance that cause enjoyment to numerous races in an association is always regard excellent. According to this the performance is regard virtuously accurate if it brings to enjoyment with the absence of pain, while on the contrary it will be believe as incorrect if it causes distress or pain. According to Jeremy bentham “ Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand the standard of right and wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are fastened to their throne. They govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think...”
Ethical egoism and ethical altruism
Ethical egoism declares that we must do what is better for our self. But that it doesn’t mean only our right. It indicates that first of all we have to watch after our own interest. Whereas ethical altruism is the reverse of Egoism...