Compare and contrast the foreign policies of Hitler and Mussolini between 1933 and 1943
Foreign policies are central in the rules of the two fascist leaders in Europe at the time, the leaders rose to power by exploiting the nationalist resentment towards the 'injustices' toward their countries in the peace settlements of 1919. Mussolini rose to power 1922 in Italy, while Hitler rose to power in 1933 and became the Chancellor of Germany. Both leaders to carry out their radical Nazi and fascist ideologies in Germany and Italy respectively instituted an aggressive foreign policy. In both cases though, the radical ideologies and over-ambitious foreign policies caused the downfall of the leaders' and their governments.
The Paris peace settlement was a key in both of the leaders foreign policies, as they both were weakened in the treaty of Versailles. Both of the leaders put forward a very radical fascist ideology that idealized national expansion and military strengths as the proof of national strength and prestige of the country.
Differences in the two fascist leaders policies start to show in their aims and the planning of them. As Hitler was trying to make Germany the absolute dominant power in Europe, Mussolini's aims were more on the prestige, as he wanted to make Italy "Respected and feared". But the similarities were also great as they both were great opportunists and aggressive expansionists, they wanted to expand their countries to become the dominant powers in Central Europe (Germany) and the Mediterranean (Italy).
As the general objectives of Hitler and Mussolini were quite widely the same, the ways of achieving them and the motivations were not. An example of this was the Ideological stand against Communism and the intervention in the Spanish civil war. As they both assisted Franco in his struggle to gain control of the Spanish state in 1936 because they wanted to support his idea of fascism. Hitler offered air-support and airlifts with his new...