Community organising is a process by which people living in proximity to each other are brought together in an organisation to act in their shared self-interest. Unlike other forms of more consensual "community building," community organizers generally assume that social change necessarily involves conflict and social struggle in order to generate collective power for the powerless. A core goal of community organizing is to generate durable power for an Organisation representing the community, allowing it to influence key decision-makers on a range of issues over time. In the ideal, for example, this can get community organizing groups a place at the table before important decisions are made. Community organizers work with and develop new local leaders, facilitating coalitions and assisting in the development of campaigns.
In other words we can say that “Community Organisation is a process by which a community identifies its needs or objectives, orders (or ranks) those needs or objectives, develops the confidence and will to work at these needs or objectives, finds the resources (internal and/or external) to deal with these needs or objectives, takes action in respect to them, and in so doing extends and develops cooperative and collaborative attitudes and practices in the community."
Principles of Community Organisation are generalized guiding rules for sound practice. In the literature of community organisation there are various sets of principles written by different learned people. Some of the principles from the available sets of principles for guiding community organisations in the Indian context are:
1. Community organisation is means and not an end: It refers to a method of intervention whereby a community consisting of individuals, groups or organisations is helped to engage in planned collective action in order to deal with their needs and problems.
2. Community organisation is to promote community solidarity and the practice of democracy: It should...