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Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper

  • Submitted by: Ajshirley1
  • on March 25, 2014
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 839 words

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Below is a free excerpt of "Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper
March 17, 2014

Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper
Cognitive Psychology is the study of the mind, including perception, attention, memory, decision making, problem solving, reasoning, and language. The aim of cognitive psychology is determine how cognitive processes are used what how the processes are influenced (Feldman-Stewart, 2009). According to McLeod (2007), “cognition literally means ‘knowing’. In other words, psychologists from this approach study cognition which is ‘the mental act or process by which knowledge is acquired’” (Para. 3).
Cognitive psychology is compared to behaviorism because of the contrast of perspectives (Willingham, 2007). Cognitive psychology tries to show a description of the processes and their characteristics of humans. While, behaviorism does not address the mental processes just the behaviors.
Key Milestones in the Development of Cognitive Psychology
Information Processing
. Information processing is characterized by three assumptions. According to Willingham (2007) the three assumptions are, “Humans are processors of information, just as computers are processors of information. The processing of information supports human thought and behavior. Representations (of objects and events) and processes that operate on these representations underlie information processing. Information processing typically occurs within largely isolated modules, which are organized in stages of processing. Thus, one module receives information from another module, performs an operation on the information, and passes the information on to another module” (Pg. 28). With this approach humans see the environment and the information that is gathered from the environment is then fed to the brain to be stored. The information can then be used by other parts of the brain that deal with mental processes.
Artificial Intelligence
According to Willingham (2007), “Artificial intelligence is the pursuit of...

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