CJ130: Introduction to Correction
Professor Candida Legursky
May 12, 2014
Classification is an important tool in prison facilities throughout the country. In California the department of corrections explains what level facility each inmate goes to. The purpose of classification is a method of assessing inmate risks that balances the security needs of the institution with treatment needs of the individual. Because inmates are a heterogeneous group, possessing a variety of behavioral problems, treatment needs, and psychological conditions, it is important to evaluate them so they can be placed in the proper institution and obtain the appropriate treatment and care. Effective classification can reduce prison infractions and create a safer environment for both inmates and staff (Siegel, 2014). Having inmate classification is important when it comes to both the safety of the guards and inmates.
The purpose of inmate classification is to help reduce violence in the prison and to help keep the guards safe. If each of the inmates is classified then the guards will be able to separate them into different facilities according to the severity of security. Once an inmate is in prison it can take up to 120 day to finish classification (CA.GOV, 2013). Once all the inmate’s case factors are reviewed he/she will be assigned a classification score. He/she will then participate in an initial classification committee and be recommended for appropriate placement at an institution based on his/her level. The inmate’s family location is taken into consideration, however being placed near family is not guaranteed due to many other factors (CA.GOV, 2013). Having inmate classification makes it easier to place them in the correct are and if that means it take four months to do so it will be worth it in the long run.
California also has a separate committee UCC also known as Unit Classification Committee which is held for initial and...