Related terms: film, movie, motion picture, moving pictures, big screen, silver screen
✓ CINEMA - from French “cinema”, short of “cinematographe’, from Greek “kinema’ meaning movement.
✓ FILM – term from the photographic film as the primary medium for recording and displaying of movies.
✓ MOTION PICTURE, MOVING PICTURE, MOVIE – illusion of movement
✓ BIG SCREEN – the projection screen where the movie is traditionally shown.
✓ SILVER SCREEN – (old term) a white or silvered surface where pictures can be projected for viewing before color was introduced.
• A sequence of photographs projected onto a screen with sufficient rapidity as to create the illusion of motion and continuity.
• A form of entertainment that enacts a story by sound and a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement.
BIOLOGICAL/PSYCHOLOGICAL BASIS involVed in cinematic motions
Critical Flicker Fusion – ability of the human eye to disregard the gaps between frames when the movie is shown.
• The smoothly moving picture you see consists of thousands of slightly different still images (called frames) projected in rapid succession with each frame flashing is accompanied by burst of blackness.
• Critical flicker fusion ignores the gaps and sees the continuous light.
Apparent Motion – an optical illusion of motion produced by viewing succession of still pictures of moving object giving it an illusion of movement.
Persistence of Vision – the phenomenon where the retina retained an image for a brief split-second after the image was actually seen, and lends itself to animation (movement) by fostering the illusion of motion when we view images in closely-timed sequence to one another.
LEADING tOPMENT OF MOTION PICTURE
TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN CINEMA
The start of motion pictures has been attributed to the following inventions:
• Photographic camera 1826
• Photographic film 1885...