Heart Disease Risk
October 13, 2013
Dr. Judith Woods
Heart Disease Risk
Heart disease is the most common cause of death, more than 13 million Americans, both in men and women. There are many different forms of heart disease such as, angina pectoris, arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, and the most common, coronary heart disease. Heart disease is caused by blockages in the blood vessels, irregular heart rhythm, damaged heart muscles, reduced oxygen, and thickening or hardening of arteries. Most people that suffer from heart disease has coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease is caused by the build-up of large amounts of cholesterol in the coronary arteries which then causes blockage in the blood vessels. Once there is blockage, which slows the blood flow to the heart, it damages the heart muscles and this is when people have heart attacks. Everybody needs to pay close attention to any potential heart issues because not only can it kill them, it can also cause them to have chest pains, fatigue, and shortness of breath.
There are many different risk factors that may cause heart disease, there is modifiable and non-modifiable factors. A few risk factors that you cannot control include your age, gender, ethnicity, and family history. Family history is a major factor that people need to pay attention to because if it runs in your family, you are at higher risk. Some modifiable risk factors that one can change to reduce their risk of heart disease includes eating healthy, regular exercise, avoid drugs and excess amounts of alcohol, healthy weight, control diabetes and blood pressure issues, control levels of cholesterol, and manage your stress or depression.
I am personally fairly healthy and according to the assessment, my risk of having a heart disease is “very much below average”. One of the non-modifiable factors that may increase my risk is my family history, my grandfather had heart problems and actually lived with a...