A child’s development is the process of growth of a child to teenage years, from dependency to increase independence. The early years of a child's life is essential for cognitive, social and emotional developments (Leo 3). Therefore, it is important that parents take every step necessary to ensure that children grow up in environments where their social, emotional and educational needs are met.
The development of a child most often occur in unpredictable stages. Although every child develops in a unique way, all children are expected to get influence by their environment at different age level. Children who are between the ages of 6 and 12 grow and mature at very different rates. It is normal to the children’s growth. There can be big difference in height, weight and build among healthy children. Diet, exercise and genes are all factors. Some children begin puberty or are close to it before they are teenagers (Leo 3).
Children will start to become more and more independent from their parents. For example, they may rebel against their parents. They also will look outward that is to their friends, who are usually of the same sex. Peer approval becomes very important. This child may try new behaviours to be part of "the group." This can also be the time that parents or teachers recognise learning disabilities or behavioural problems in children (Bornstein and Genevro 1). These problems can get worse as time goes on, so it is important to get help when the children is still young.
Young children who grow up in environment where their developmental needs are not met are at an increased risk for delays of one or more areas, such as learning and language. Failure to invest time and resources during children’s early years may have long term effects on the foster care and education systems (Bornstein and Genevro 1).
Early childhood is mainly refer to the period from birth through age five. A child’s cognitive development during early childhood,...