THE SPELLBINDING CREATION OF THEATRE OPTIQUE AND THE SUBJECTS SHOWN/CREATED WITHIN THE ANIMATION
In 1876 a French inventor by the name of Charles-Émile Reynaud invented the Praxinoscope, which was viewed as the predecessor of the Zoetrope.
A circle of 12 mirrors were placed in the middle of the Praxinoscope which allowed multiple people to view the moving images in a spell bounding gaze, compared to
a single person examining the image through a viewing slits within the side of the Zoetrope. This adaption allowed the audience to have a clearer; less distorted view of the animation and could now be seen as a form of family entertainment, but still only 12 images could be viewed.
Two years after the first release of his invention, Reynaud then continued to further develop the Praxinoscope by creating a glass-viewing screen, which allowed the audience to change backgrounds as the moving images were superimposed on top, but it wasn’t until 1980 that he first invented ‘The Projection Praxinoscope’.
A lantern was used (much like the invention of Ding Huan who created the earliest Zoetrope in China around 180 AD. Ding Huan’s device was called “The Pipe Which Makes Fantasies Appear”) to project the moving image onto a screen that could be mounted to allow a much larger audience to view the show. In 1888 Reynaud perfected his invention, allowing more than 12 images to be viewed through a projector that would later be viewed as a similar design to the ones used later for cinema projection. So what was it that Reynaud showed within his Animations and did it bring up any subjects of concern or simply put, capture the audience into disbelief?
In October 1892 Charles-Emile Reynaud revelled the first ever-animated film within Musee Grevin, a wax museum located in Paris. ‘Pauvre Pierrot’ (aka Poor Pete) alongside ‘Le Clown et ses...