The Causes of Poverty
The main cause of poverty is lack of education. When people are educated, they gain skills and ideas on how to make money and survive. Other causes of poverty are overpopulation, the unequal distribution of resources in the world economy and inability to meet high standards of living
* This is a major cause of poverty. In 2009/10, 42 per cent of all families below the UK poverty line contained no working members
* There are numerous reasons people do not work. Some of these reasons are personal: many people have caring responsibilities, others suffer from a health condition or have a disability while some encounter discrimination that acts as a barrier to work.
Low paid work
* Even when people do work this is not always a route out of poverty. In 2009/10, 58 per cent of families below the UK poverty line contained at least one working member.
* Low wages, part-time work and the high costs of childcare all conspire to reduce incomes.
* Many low wage jobs offer no prospect of progression (‘low pay, low prospects’); others are insecure, providing only sporadic and unpredictable incomes (‘low pay, no pay’). As a result, they are often nothing more than poverty traps.
* The size and type of family i.e. large families and lone parent families tend to be at greater risk of poverty because they have higher costs, lower incomes and more difficulty in gaining well paid employment;
* Gender - women are generally at higher risk of poverty than men as they are less likely to be in paid employment, tend to have lower pensions, are more involved in unpaid caring responsibilities and when they are in work, are frequently paid less ;
* Disability or ill-health because this limits ability to access employment and also leads to increased day to day costs;
* A member of minority ethnic groups such as the Roma and immigrants/undocumented migrants as they suffer particularly from discrimination and...