NU 310 Family Nursing Care Across the Lifespan
Family Diversity Assignment
The largest and fastest growing minority population in the United States today is commonly referred to as “Hispanic” or “Latino”. The term Hispanic was created by the U.S. federal government in the early 1970s in an attempt to provide a common denominator to a large, but diverse, population with connection to the Spanish language or culture from a Spanish-speaking country. The term Latino is increasingly gaining acceptance among Hispanics, and the term reflects the origin of the population in Latin America. The U.S. Census defines someone “Hispanic” or “Latino” as “a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South of Central American, or other Spanish culture of origin regardless of race . In 2007, the total U.S. Hispanic or Latino population surpassed 45 million, or 15 percent of the total U.S. population. It is projected that by the year 2050 that figure will rise to 24 percent of the total U.S. population. Hispanics compose the largest minority group in 20 or the 50 states. Some states have extremely large Hispanic populations; for instance, as of 2006, 36 percent of Californians (13.2 million people) identified themselves as Hispanic or Latino, as did 36 percent of Texans (8.6 million people) . The U.S. Hispanic/Latino population is also quite young relative to the general U.S. population; in 2007, the median age for the former was 27.6, compared to the 36.6 for the later . Hispanic families are usually larger in size, about one-third (31%) of Hispanic/Latino households contain 5 or more people . This pattern is the result largely of the greater average number of children in Hispanic families.
In the Hispanic culture family is viewed as a primary source of support. Traditionally, the Hispanic family is a close-knit type of group and a very important social unit. When discussing familia it usually goes beyond the nuclear family. The Hispanic “family...