Cardiovascular disease is the collective term for the various forms of diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Major risk factors that can be changed
1. Tobacco use- a person that smokes a pack of cigarettes a day has twice the risk of heart attacks than nonsmokers. Smoking damages the linings of arteries and contributes to unhealthy blood fat levels by reducing levels of high density lipoproteins.
2. High Blood Pressure – Occurs when too much force or pressure is exerted against the walls of the arteries. If the blood pressure is high then the heart has to work harder to push the blood forward. There are no warning signs for hypertension so it’s important to have your blood pressure tested once every two years.
3. Cholesterol-wax-like substance that circulates through the bloodstream. Adequate cholesterol is essential for the proper functioning of the body. Excess cholesterol can clog arteries and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. You can lower your cholesterol by substituting unsaturated for saturated trans fats, and increasing soluble fiber intake.
4. Physical inactivity- exercise lowers CVD risk by helping decrease blood pressure, increase HDL levels, maintain desirable weight, and prevent or control diabetes.
5. Obesity- a person whose body weight is 30% more of the recommended level is at a higher risk for heart disease and stroke, even if no other risk factors are present. A sensible diet and exercise are the best ways to control your weight.
6. Diabetes- disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose levels due to insufficient supply or action of insulin. Careful control of glucose levels is beneficial, but even people with diabetes under control are still at an increased risk for CVD
Contributing risk factors that can be changed
1. Triglyceride levels-the best ways to reduce triglyceride is weight loss, regular exercise, and a diet that is high in fiber and low in simple and redefined carbohydrates and that...