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Briquetting Businesses Essay

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BRIQUETTING BUSSINESS IN NIGERIA: A SOLUTION TO UNEMPLOYMENT
By
Ali, A.M. (abubakarali2004@yahoo.com) and Lamido S.I. (chemicalsanee@g.mail.com)
Department of Chemical Engineering, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria

Abstract
Nigeria was ranked 153 out of 168 countries in 2013 united nation human right development index as unemployment rates has been on the increase steadily from 12% in 2006 to 24% 2011 with   similar trend expected to continue and   Nigerians youths encountering increased difficulty in employment. This paper highlights the benefits of exploring a gap in terms of alternative fuel (briquette) source. Briquetting Business provides opportunities which exist for all scale of businesses and can tap into the available market, and with targeted support, the briquetting industry can be developed from a sporadic spread of small enterprises into a wide spread and self- supporting industry which can provide job opportunities an income.  

Keywords: Briquette, Unemployment, Biomass, Carbonisation, Solid Fuel

Introduction
The present world’s energy crisis and its related environmental issues as well as increasing trend of fossil fuel prices provide for renewable energy source as an essential field to be explored. In Nigeria, the escalating cost of petroleum products and irregular electricity supply, makes fuel wood to become a major source of fuel for families and small-medium enterprises. Over the 1989-2000 periods, fuel wood and charcoal constituted 32 and 40 % of the total primary energy consumption with 39 million tonnes estimate in national demand in 2000 (Sambo, 2009). An average daily consumption ranging from 0.5-1.0 kg of dry fuel wood per person is being consumed in the country for cooking and domestic purposes (Ohunakin, 2010).

However, the use of wood as a fuel source comes with certain disadvantages: deforestation, climate change, soil erosion, desertification, and health problems as a result of exposure to carbon emission during indoor domestic...

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