UNIT-1 BHARATA’S NATYASHASTRA
Structure 1.0 1.1 Objectives Introduction 1.1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 Aesthetics in Indian and Western Context
Bharata, the Author of the Natyashastra Commentators on the Natyashastra Aim of the Natyashastra Date of Composition of the Natyashastra Division of the Natyashastra Limitation of the Natyashastra Subject matter of the first chapter of the Natyashastra: The Origin of Drama Let Us Sum Up Review questions Bibliography
The present unit aims at giving the necessary details to the students so as to enable them to have the answers to the following questions: — — — What were the circumstances which led to the creation of the Nayashastra; and for whom was it created? Into how many parts is this Nayashastra divided. Are there so many parts that it cannot be fully grasped? What are various arts, necessary for the presentation of drama.
Poetics is one of the fields of knowledge in which Indian scholarship has made significant contributions, the other being the Indian religion, philosophy, art and literature. Unlike them, 1
however, Indian poetics has not been properly appreciated by scholars. It has not received the acclaim accorded to the other fields of ancient Indian knowledge. There is indeed a need to counter and correct the de-intellectualized mind by arguing for and developing applicational model from Indian Sanskrit literary theories to a wide variety of English texts. Despite favourable gesture of the U.G.C. to promote Sanskrit literary theories within the existing thinking of Indian academy, problems still persist in the mind of “the Educated Indian” who out rightly rejects the Indian literary theories. The scholars of English, in the East and in the West as well, teach the translated western classics Homer (Iliad), Virgil (Aeneid) Plato (Republic), Aristotle ( Theory of Poetry and Fine Arts), Longinus (On the Sublime), Horace ( Ars Poetica or...