August 15, 2013
Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation
Inclusion is a term used to define a classroom method where students with disabilities and students without disabilities are taught in the same classroom. For teachers, a big concern is perceived lack of knowledge about teaching students with disabilities. In a study published in 2009, 40% of teachers disagreed with full inclusion. 24% were unsure about full inclusion, whereas 34% agreed with full inclusion. In this study, it was noted that the more experienced teachers were more favorable towards inclusion than the less experienced teachers. (Hodge et al., 2009.) With coursework like this class, hopefully, new teachers can feel more comfortable when teaching students with disabilities. Knowledge helps you feel more at ease.
There are laws, in effect, that help to ensure that students with disabilities are treated fairly and equally. The IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) is a United States law that requires a team put together an IEP (Individual Education Plan) for students with disabilities. This education plan guarantees that the student will be provided with a FAPE (Free and Appropriate Education.) Disability is an umbrella term that provides a uniform language for both teachers and students. Disability may include students who possess mental retardation, serious emotional disturbances, deaf-blindness, hearing impairments, brain trauma, speech or language impediments, visual impairments, or any combination of the above. In 2005, over 6 million students with disabilities attended school in the United States. Roughly 3 million of these students had specific learning disabilities. A little over a million had speech or language impairments. And approximately half a million were mentally retarded. 96% of these students attend general education classes, with three-quarters of these students attending general education classes for a significant portion of...