Week 6 Application: Assessment, Diagnosis, and Research
Week 6 Application Assessment, Diagnosis and Research
The counselor’s ability to assess a client’s condition is fundamental to the counseling process. A counselor must have proven techniques that allow them to extract as much information from their client as possible to complete an informed diagnosis. Once a diagnosis is confirmed, a counselor can then prepare a case conceptualization and a treatment plan. A case conceptualization is the counselors ability to “understand the nature of client’s concerns and how and why the problems have developed, and the types of counseling interventions that maybe helpful” (Erford 2010, p. 269). Counselors must then utilize this information to diagnosis the problem and develop a treatment plan. It is important that the diagnosis is correct and valid. There could be legal ramification and unintended consequences for the misdiagnosis of mental health disorders.
There are many different types of assessments that a counselor uses to diagnosis conditions and informs their case conceptualization. A counselor may begin by gathering preliminary background information through observation and an intake interview. In this interview, a counselor may collect information such as: identifying information (i.e.name, date of birth, relationship status, and ethnicity), presenting problem, living arrangements, and goals for coming to counseling. A counselor may also perform different diagnostic tests. There are many different types of test that can be performed to gain valuable data about the client. Tests can help provide insight into how the client compares to established authoritative standards or norms with groups in which they share characteristics with.
A great example of how assessment and diagnosis play and important role in case conceptualization and treatment planning are in Bufford’s (2008) case study. The counselor used notes and...