TRAVEL AND TOURISM SECTOR UNIT 01
Task 1.a Historic developments of travel and tourism
Travel and Tourism is one of the oldest and largest industries of the Wold and involves many others sectors as: Airline Industry, Hospitality, Cultural Industry, Communication, Public Sectors.
Always, rich people have traveled to distant parts of world, to see buildings, learn languages or discover new cultures. Starting with short business destinations, on time it was developed long, foreign destinations occurring the idea of package tour. Besides business, have appeared others reasons as: religious (Rome, Mecca, Holy Land), military (developing roads), commercial (the Silk Road), and those trips were pretty difficult, not too pleasant; the leisure travel came much later.
Because the Babylonians have created the money and trade, they were credited as the founders of travel business. The Phoenicians and Greeks improved ships and accelerated the Mediterranean trade. Early tourist attractions were the Seven Wonders of the World. The first Cruises were organized and conducted from Egypt. The Egyptians were the first ones to start celebrating festivals. With the beginning of the Olympic Games, were created festivals and attractions, developing accommodations and meals. The original Spa was used by Romans and was very fashionable. Also Sea Bathing became popular because of medicinal effects of the saltwater. After the fall of Roman Empire, the Travel and Tourism was in decline; were developed the Crusades. Because of needs of the permits for those pilgrimages, it was born the Passport. Also pilgrimages gave birth to different accommodation facilities.
The first international route was flown by Pan American Airways from Key West (Florida) to Havana (Cuba). After the War, Pan Am met the demand by being the first to introduce the newest planes, knowing a huge growth in tourist travel. Coaches were invented in Hungary during the 15th...