Alexandria: Alexander the Great’s lasting legacy.
". . . it was the first city of the civilized world in size, elegance, riches, and luxuries."
As it was founded by one of the greatest rulers to ever exist, it was only appropriate that Alexandria would be destined to become one of the greatest cities in history. Alexandria was an important city of the ancient world and the universal date of its foundation is believed to be
April 7, 331BC. For more than two thousand years it was the largest city in Egypt, and it was the capital of the country for almost half of this time. The fact that it was chosen to become the new capital was a strong influence on the development of Alexandria. In its earliest centuries the city was once the heart of the civilizing world, leading the way in intellect, trade and ethical acceptation. During his conquest over the known world, Alexander the Great temporarily settled in the coastal town of Rhakotis. He was attracted to the town largely due to its brilliant natural harbour that made it an ideal location for a port. From this relatively unimportant settlement Alexander’s vision of a glorious city took form.
“Alexandria was built from scratch and designed as a whole.”
Even from the blueprints it was clear that Rhakotis was going to be turned into a mighty metropolis. Accordingly Alexander put his personal architect Dinocrates to work planning the magnificent city and commissioned for the design to be in the traditional classical Greek, Hellenistic style. Thus Alexandria was constructed on a grand scale. It incorporated the finest aspects of Hellenistic planning and architecture and was arranged like no other city of the time. It had to be a location that drew in the population and a site that would be easily recognized as a powerful, leading centre of commerce, culture and learning. The streets were wide, broad avenues. The main avenue ran through the city and ranged from thirty to sixty feet...