The 10th Federalist Paper
The Federalist Papers were published in New York during 1787 and 1788 by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay, although all were written under the pen-name "Publius". They were published to encourage New York into ratifying the new American constitution. The 10th federalist paper can arguably be the most influential as it discusses the role of faction and the process of government to control faction.
The main idea of the 10th paper was faction. It is augured in the tenth paper that faction is the downfall of democracy as everyone has different opinions It is stated that the only two ways to cure the mischief of faction and it is to remove the cause or control the effects. There can be two ways to remove the cause either by destroying the liberty which is essential or by giving every citizen the same opinions. Both of these ways are impossible because faction and liberty are interwoven or as Madison puts it “Liberty is to faction what air is to fire, an aliment without which it instantly expires” and as people have naturally different opinions.
Madison states that the causes of faction are sown into the nature of man as we have different opinions on religion, government, and other points, therefore we have been divided into parties. It states that the most common source of factions is the distributions of property and that those who have and those who don't have property have distinct interests in society. As there will be different social classes there will be factions. Madison's conclusion to this that the causes of factions cannot be removed and relief can only come by the means of controlling the effects.
The 10th paper argues that a republic is capable of controlling the effects of faction. The reason for this is that a representation is more capable of protecting the rights of individuals and minorities since its the minorities that have a say in representation. Madison argues that a danger of a representative...